grupoavigase.com/includes/142/111-tarot-del.php Although these touchstones represent two intellectual traditions which may appear to have little or nothing in common, the 21st-century strategist or policymaker must take into account the imperatives of both traditions. Clausewitz, Carl von. Oldemeinen, Mareike [undergraduate student, University of St Andrews].
There are at least 40 references to Clausewitz in this page work, which offers an "implicit theory of terror. These writings have been largely overlooked by many analysts of contemporary conflicts. Similarly, the just war tradition has long been a touchstone for moral discourse on war. In noting some general issues that turn people into historians, while following the unique conditions that led to Clausewitz's massive historical writings, the article opens new perspectives on his thought and his times that may be worth pursuing further. Schmitt , was a German Catholic legal and political thinker prominent during the Weimar and Nazi eras and has experienced a resurgence of influence on both right and left in recent years.
Abstract: "Clausewitz's 'remarkable trinity' has long been a touchstone for discourse on the military's strategic position relative to other essential elements of Western society. The article points to his easy shifting back and forth between an exclusively military approach to the history of war and a more encompassing political, social, and cultural interpretation that emphasizes the psychological forces of leaders and followers, and comments as well on the relationship between his historical and his theoretical work.
Abstract by author : "Drawing on statements by Clausewitz long known but ignored, the article traces his early and soon dominant interest in the past as it develops out of his experiences as a child and young man to become a major element in his thinking about the present. Hew Strachan, "Clausewitz and the Dialectics of War" 2. Many intelligent if often elusive discussions of Clausewitz in comparison to the Chinese tradition. We exemplify our argument by how the repetitive battle-rhythm of military targeting strives for perfect war.
This is an autobiographical artcle by Paret, not so much about Clausewitz as about the personal journey that took him to Clausewitz and elsewhere. See especially Vol. But Brooks was supposedly a well-read, historically knowledgeable, hard-headed and thoughtful conservative. Abstract: "Against a surprising level of agreement between Clausewitz, contemporary military doctrines and critical war studies on an ontology of war as fighting, we suggest that the study of contemporary warfare needs to focus more on war as processing.
Naval War College. Article abstract: "In light of the enormous suffering brought about by war, war might be justified only if the benefit it yields is significant enough, namely, a clear and durable victory over the enemy. Conservative viewers that night might have expected such ignorance about the nature of war from liberals like Shields, whom they claim do not understand the ways of the world. Abstract: "This article assesses the existing literature on logistics in war, concluding that there is no satisfactory conceptual definition of logistics. They have the secretary of defense negotiating surrender terms before we even engage the enemy.
Article abstract: "This article discusses clausewitz for diplomatic historians. Today education means competition, dedication and lots of hard work. Students all over have too much to do and too little time to accomplish their targets which could be daily, short term or long term basis. Education in India is result based and there is direct co-relation between grades and job prospects. The better the grades, better the prospects of the job.
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This always helps me determine what I know and what I need to possibly research. In order to help you get started on this essay, I'll give you a couple questions I would probably ask if I In order to help you get started on this essay, I'll give you a couple questions I would probably ask if I had to write on the same topic: Looking at your lists of answers, you will want to create categories that logically organize information that is similar. You should also be able to determine which is the best choice buying new or fixing broken based either on the number of reasons or the strength of each reason.
When writing your essay, you will need to present both sides, but logically lean toward the side you believe is the best choice. Your thesis statement may or may not reveal the side you will choose. Perhaps you will save this for your conclusion. It will, however, present the fact that you are looking at two sides. Look at the sample thesis below and feel free to adapt it to the specific information you brainstorm and the categories you come up with to organize your information : When making a decision between buying a new car versus fixing one that is broken, it is important to consider several factors.
These include finances, personal preferences, and the long term value of each choice. The more information you can brainstorm in your pre-writing, the easier the organizing and writing of this essay will be. After you complete this important first step, if you run into further problems or need more specific advice, feel free to use Enotes again for help. According to the World Wildlife Fund, we as a planet are losing 1, to 10, more species than the natural rate. Since the total number of species is hard to pin down, this can mean anywhere from to 10, species going extinct per year World Wildlife Fund Also, the majority of humans are too invested in their personal lives or with themselves that they do not look at the big picture of how what we are doing now will effect us later.
As humans, the routines in our lives can bring us harm, and within time a we may become the sixth extinction. Of two potential locations considered Snowflake Springs and Butte Rock they were placed in the low-risk prey Butte Rock for the purpose of encouraging the wolves to spread out and create packs. Before and during the reintroduction project, Oregon State University researchers measured the rate of willow growth along 2. Hunters are growing angry because their trophies are being killed prematurely. Conservationists warn of the dwindling numbers of the male deer population.
Deer antlers are going for thousands of dollars on the streets in cities like Detroit and Chicago. Soon enough, money-hungry killers start a new rumor: hooves from any gender of deer can have miracle health benefits as well Though nowhere near as severe as the end-Permian mass extinction, the end-Cretaceous extinction is the most well known mass extinction event. Every scientist has a theory, and with so many out there it was hard to just pick one, they all made sense.
It is completely possible for a volcano to have killed the dinosaurs, or even an asteroid. Human beings are causing irreversible damage to the oceans and their wildlife, which is being led by two major reasons: Commercial fishing or over-fishing, which damaged the marine environment and caused a loss in the marine life diversity, and pollution, which is a primary way of the extinction causes that drastically modifies the marine Based on all the environmental factors placed on animals, the extinction of untamed animals is inevitable but, steps should be taken to preserve the remains of untamed animals so that scientific research can be conducted The Cretaceous — Tertiary Boundary K-T Extinction caused the loss of at least three-quarters of all species known at that time including the dinosaurs.
Today evidence for this extinction can be seen in the fossil record We know for sure most dinosaurs died out around 65 million years ago. The majority of scientists agree on a number of theories as to what brought the end of the dinosaurs. The most popular theory is that an asteroid ended the reign of the dinosaurs. Another theory, massive climate change in the pre-historic atmosphere, caused all the dinosaurs to die. Some scientists believe that mammals out competed dinosaurs for food and other resources Also, over a long period of time, climate gradually changed Purvis, E.
Because of traits inherent to islands, including isolation and small geographic range Purvis, E. This results in a disproportionate ratio of island to continental extinctions Scientists studying the late Pleistocene extinction provided a plethora of explanations, including overkill by humans, extraterrestrial events, and climate changes Faith and Surovell, Surovell conducted tests to discover whether the extinction was a single event or a long-term process However, there was no unified explanation that they all agreed upon.
The Permian Triassic extinction is said to have occurred millions of years ago, geologist have estimated that its occurrences happened about million to million years ago. This rare occurrence of events proceeded the Triassic geologic periods and the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras.
This mass disaster was the largest dissipation of living life on planet earth; it is believed to be even superior to other crises such as the Ordovician and Devonian events and the conclusion of the cretaceous era that came upon the dinosaurs Today, the human population is around 7 billion people. Humans are populating at a rate of almost , per day.
Earth has gone through five fully major extinctions before. This mass extinction is closely related in severity to the extinction of the dinosaurs. The first area was the large number of animals caught by hunter-gathers No squirrels digging holes for their nuts they are trying to harvest for the winter. No birds chirping while they gather twigs and straw to make a nest for their eggs or feed their little ones.
Without a polar bear hunting for the nearest seal to become their lunch. Not hearing the howl of a snow wolf at the large full moon. Imagine yourself swimming in the ocean where there is no wildlife Since decreasing the amount of tourists allowed to come is not an option realistically or economically, WWF proposed a plan that could help benefit the Simpona lemur as well as maintain the same amount of tourists to ensure a stable amount of income for the economy.
WWF also suggested on developing zoning restrictions to protect their habitat By considering this format as a rite de passage Van Gennep , a concept that examines various social rituals as passage from one state of social being to another, these accounts may also be reconsidered as status changes t The book also makes the argument that it is currently in the midst of a sixth. The cause of this most recent extinction, according to the author and her findings in this book, is humans. Though she does not come right out and say that mankind is responsible for this phenomenon, the point becomes clear as you read along chapter to chapter.
Kolbert proves this point by writing about a specific instance in each chapter in which a species is going extinct or is already extinct due to human impact Also the management has perfected the disciplinary consumption of government by utilizing the IRS to target political opponents to silence them before the last election.
The nation also sits on the edge of defeat when our debt is mentioned. The 17 trillion dollar debt is almost double when the President came into office With over 30 million different species of plants and animals, they are believed to be the eldest and most complex land based ecosystems on the globe. One major issue that has a major impact that should be talked about is Species extinction. When one species begin to die out the other species will reduce too. When this happens humans face the possibility of mass extinction and people can not live in earth anymore.
The bird measures about two inches tall, the males have a red-sided crest and have black feathers, and the feminine is all black, towards the bottom, they both have white plumages towards the tail, and a protracted beck. The fowl is an Imperial Woodpecker, it subsist on fruits, nuts, carpenter ants and beetle larvae. This feathered friend exists peacefully in this forest The Late Devonian extinction is not a single event but a myriad of smaller scale extinctions such as the Kellwasser event, and the Hangenberg event that are combined to create the entirety of the major extinction event.
The third mass extinction happened approximately mya and is referred to as the Permian—Triassic extinction event. The high taxation placed on large corporations took away jobs from the American middle class Kent Mc Dill. Middle class jobs are slowly bleeding out of America. The high taxation, along with strict corporate regulations are taking middle class jobs out of America and forcing corporations to take a different route for employees.
Specifically, mechanical workers are taking over the jobs that the middle class traditionally performed Adam Davidson. The job brake down in America traditionally went upper, middle and lower class jobs They are seen in different type, shapes and weights in their own category. In marine animals, there are mostly mammals which are found to be in large number.
Fin whale is among those mammals that are found in marine life. The weight is not only the only characteristic but its length is also very interesting This type of whale is found in all types of oceans and is a suborder to baleen whales. Many people kill animals for protection and clothing and these practices have been carried out for centuries. Many people think that hunting is inhumane and unessential, but animals are killed for a reason, whether it is over population in neighborhoods, protection of cattle, or money.
Hunting animals helps control the population of certain species, such as deer, in areas where they may pose a threat to humans Heimbuch They maintain species diversity by preying upon the most available species. They act as crowd control to help maintain the balance of the ecosystem.
Sharks also act as a food sources for other sharks and killer whales. Heimbuch Without sharks, the balance of the ocean will break down, which will create a devastating effect. Heimbuch Many of the shark species are on the endangered list and are close to become extinct. Researchers estimate that by , twenty species of sharks will become extinct because of overfishing However, as I progressed through the semester I learned that there is always room to grow. The first paper I produced was not at the level I was hoping but after I actively decided to improve my writing my papers became much better.
Looking back on my work in the class I wonder how much my writing has changed and where I still have room to improve. This has led to many scientists conducting studies on global coral reef ecosystems to gain a better understanding of the cause and effects of coral reef damage. Hodgson's study involved conducting a survey on global coral reef ecosystems to see whether human actions were affecting the health of supposed pristine Coral reefs The elephant is Earth 's largest land animal, although the Asian elephant is slightly smaller than its African cousin.
The Asian elephant is an endangered animal and the number of Asian elephants has decreased throughout the world and if nothing is said or done, they will go extinct. One of the reasons why this animal is endangered is their habitat is lost as human populations increase and grasslands and forests are converted to agricultural and other uses The ethics and consequences of this idea have been questioned but, de-extinction has the potential to be truly helpful to humans and the environment, and many of the scenarios that people think could happen, are actually impossible.
To actually revive a species, there are certain conditions that must be met, and the terrible situations that people think could happen, are unable to actually occur because of the lack of The loss of biodiversity in many hotspots was mainly because of habitat loss and fragmentation which in turn have occurred due to pollution, overexploitation of resources, deforestation, increased human population, and introduction of exotic species Background paper on Himalayan ecology, For Himalaya, deforestation is one of the main causes of extinction Who has the ability to threaten the life of these innocent fishes.
Sharks poaching activities have been prospering since the early 90s, it can be accounted by the drastic growth of the economies and population in some Asian countries mostly the Chinese and Taiwanese, which led to the increase in demand for shark fin soup due to the ritual purposes it supposedly had for their ancestors, It was so expensive back then but now is conducive since they have all our money These changes have consisted of temperature fluctuations, atmospheric differentiations, extinctions of various plant and animal life, etc. Over time everything seems to have evolved in some way form or fashion.
However, the Permian Era extinction was different from all the rest. This extinction affected every form of life, but especially the marine life. It is our responsibility to take care of the environment. We bring in machines that harm the environment and destroy animal life. We need to limit ourselves on how much land and resources we consume. There are major issues that are causing species to become extinct and hurt our way of life and other animals do to the change in food chain.
Many of the issues of biodiversity loss can be traced back to human interaction to the environment The Government and Organizations have come to the rescue of wildlife species all across the U. Their main goal is to protect wildlife species from over harvesting and also their loss of habitat due to industrial and residential development. The beauty and curiosity of wildlife captivates all of us for different reasons. For certain species, they are the link to our existence Animals are not being hunted into extinction because the government is protecting certain wildlife areas and are controlling the animal populations within those certain areas This astonishing diversity supports the human existence by providing numerous priceless resources such as food, fuel, and medicine.
Many of these resources can not be duplicated by the human race. For these reasons it is obvious that the environment and the biodiversity that it supports are detrimental to human survival. There is one major problem that is growing each day, and that is the amount of biodiversity, along with the services and benefits that is provides is diminishing Language extinction is a well-known subject among linguists.
It has happened since the beginning of human language and, no doubt, it will continue till the end of the time. But in contemporary world this phenomenon has acquired a distinctive feature as it runs beside globalization. Nowadays we are spectators facing the death of languages which have been able to survive throughout centuries but cannot deal with the new challenges brought by the global village.
The variety of Catalan spoken in the Italian city of Alghero, in the west coast of the Mediterranean island of Sardinia, known as Algherese, could be considered an endangered language and, consequently, facing extinction w Some paleontologists believe that the global ecosystem had already been on decline before the final blow, an asteroid, destroyed much of life on earth. Also, the end of the Cretaceous period, immediately preceding the K-Pg, saw many volcanic eruptions; the dust and gases released are thought to have caused great environmental changes. However, it is pointed out that the causes of vulnerability remain unclear to explain the variation to the risk of extinction.
According to Reynolds , vulnerability is determinate by both the decline of species population and the reduction of their geographical range. These two forms of vulnerability are affected by species intrinsic biological traits, extrinsic human induced effects and adverse factors For extinction to occur, there are three criteria that must be present. The first refers to a behavior that was reinforced at one point. One example of a common reinforcement strategy is a baby crying in the crib.
Because language extinction also means the culture, religion, social values, and its history is slowly getting loss at the same time. There are many factors to language extinction due to the population, educational, and economic principles Why this is significant is because it shows how behavior can be learned and relearned all over again which is important if an individual is trying to get rid of a maladaptive behavior Biologists have studied the pattern of mass extinction with growing concern.
What is causing such a rapid increase in extinction is unknown however there is one thing that is indisputable: human interference is playing a direct role. Poaching is the illegal hunting, killing or capturing of animals It seems like it happened so sudden, as geologic time goes, that almost all the dinosaurs living on earth disappeared.
Was it a slow extinction, or did it happen all of the sudden. These questions bring rise to many different beliefs on how the dinosaur disappeared over 65 million years ago With the current high extinction rates and increasing trend of extinction magnitudes, the sixth mass extinction is expected Yes, we are indeed, as we, here defined as all the lives on the Earth at the moment.
Mass extinction is times when the Earth loses more than three-quarters of its species in a geologically short interval Barnosky et al. In addition, according to the Oxford Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences edited by Michael Allaby , mass extinction is defined as the Earth has been taken place environmental catastrophe, removes many groups from environment from record and not replaced, and ecosystems collapse According to one theory, dinosaurs were slowly driven to extinction by environmental changes linked to the creeping withdrawal of shallow seas from the continents at the end of the dinosaur era.
Proponents of this theory propose that dinosaurs dwindled in number and variety over several million years. An opposing theory proposes that the impact of asteroid or comet caused catastrophic destruction of the environment, leading to the extinction of the dinosaurs While evidence shows that it occurred over a great amount of time, it was effective in causing the extinction of an incredibly large portion of life on Earth.
To such an extent that it took millions of years before any large amounts of biodiversity occurred again. This paper will will analyze the survivability of terrestrial vertebrates compared to that of terrestrial invertebrates during the Permian-Triassic Extinction Event For over million years dinosaurs ruled the earth. Then 65 million years ago, at the end of the Cretaceous period, they died out.
Nobody can really say what actually eliminated the species, although everyone has their very own idea. Asteroid impact, atmospheric changes hot to cold , catastrophic eruptions and astronomical events supernovas etc. In addition, during the Permian-Triassic extinction the continents of today existed as one supercontinent known as Pangaea. This was the first time in history where continental or land mass exceeded that of the ocean. This was also before dinosaurs of the Triassic period roamed Earth, during this time animals such as the therapsids, and Synapsids such as the Pelycosaurs, insects and amphibians also occupied Earth Without having any background education in science it is hard for the general public to comprehend such matters and they rely on the knowledge of the scientists in this field.
Although there has been much research on the subject nobody has come up with a conclusive answer. And we are left to read the countless articles, all having their own opinions as to the mass extinction. One such theory is that a shift in the solar system could have caused the mass destruction The dominant thought seems to be that an asteroid struck the earth at the end of the Cretaceous period and killed off much of the fauna and flora inhabiting the earth.
However, the sequence of events following that mass extinction has been fairly blurry until a recent discovery, published in a recent issue of Science, by paleontologists Vivi Vajda and Stephen Mc Loughlin Greedy scientists and civilians, searching for their own prize skeleton, rushed to rip bones out of the ground, destroying the fossils as they went. It was not until later in the century that scientists and paleontologists began pondering how such widespread creatures disappeared.
Currently, paleontologists debate the two main hypotheses of how the classic dinosaurs died: from volcanic activity or an asteroid impact Over the past three decades the evolutionary tree of life has been expanded at least seven times over. Major advances have been made in the area of evolution to open the eyes of many to the extensive history of the earth. For the very first time, we have tangible knowledge that life evolved and grew to become a flourishing success during the young ages of the Earth In science, there is always a limit of precision to which any measurement can be taken.
In literature, the fact that the author's language merely represents his ideas as opposed to embodying them leaves such conveyed ideas open to a degree of interpretation. More important than these factors, though, is that the greater part of what we today regard as knowledge is founded in theory As you look out over the terane in front of you, you think that you are on an alien planet. Beside them is the ocean which is swarming with many different species of echinoderms, bryozoans and brachiopods.
As you look down onto the sea floor you are amazed at the countless number of starfish and urchins. Abstract: Pattern has been consistently discussed and illustrated in art historical and ethnographic sources in linear terms. It is assumed that this is also how they are seen by their makers so that, if names are attached to them, it is as isolated figures abstracted from a total composition. In this essay these analytical assumptions are identified as a preconception inherent in modernist writings.
This approach potentially yields new interpretations that cannot easily arise in a museum setting. Key words: New Zealand Art History; retrospective exhibitions; colonial art; national art gallery. Maur and fathers of diplomatic and palaeography, had a significant role in the early modern advancement of studies on Medieval art and antiquities. As regards their acquisition of art-historical information and direct experience of monuments, the position of Italian erudites was relevant. As a result, this article aims to illustrate this process and outline a context of mutual influences between French and Italian traditions of scholarship.
Key words: Mabillon; Montfaucon; Maurist; St. In this decade, the Carolingian building, restored in words and images by scholars, made an auspicious debut within the coalescing discipline of art history. The questions are what kind of theory and theoretical principles Vasari created about prints, and what kind of definition Vasari basically gives to the printed image.
The examination demonstrates that Vasari was the first art historian to give a definition to the printed image and he does it not only in the second edition with the well known Life of Marcantonio Raimondi but already in the first edition of the Vite.
I use the image of these visits as a starting point for my discussion about the change in the art historical interests of Lars-Ivar Ringbom and Sixten Ringbom. Abstract: This paper addresses Kunstwollen , not as a historicized concept, but as a social scientific construct open to reinterpretation and input from the evolving sciences. Together with the appeal of rhythm and symmetry this might well be inborn, but also included a technical aspect in which humanity differs from bees by further developing variations.
Human and animal imagery did not arise in a naturalist vein but within the dictates of stylistic schemata with a linearity preventing plant forms and reminding us that landscape only arrived later. There was more than one source leading primitive art to geometric motifs. Key words: origins of art; geometric style; plant ornament; geometric ornament; braid ornament; Gottfried Semper; Alois Riegl. Abstract: On the basis of a corpus edition of Attic grave stelae, it becomes possible to make certain broad observations about the nature and development of Greek relief sculpture, a branch of the arts in which the Greeks are admitted to have excelled.
Archaeology has added so much to our knowledge in the course of the 19 th century that we can dismiss the earlier assumption that these sculptures did not have colour. In fact they were painted, and the evidence shows that in spite of its severe technical limitations, Greek relief sculpture developed in an increasingly painterly direction, in tandem with the development of Greek wall and panel painting as we know it — more so than vase painting. Abstract: The previously unpublished conversation between Ernst Gombrich and Joseph Sandler in constitutes an exciting meeting of minds in the field of art history and psychoanalysis, respectively.
Gombrich seems both comfortable with the psychoanalytic theory they discuss, and also keen to steer the discussion in certain directions — quoting from Cicero, Van Gogh and I. As Gombrich is often considered reticent about psychoanalysis, this dialogue constitutes evidence that late in life he continued to engage in discussion about its application and interpretation in an artistic context.
Abstract: Since the founding of the academic field of Pre-Columbian art history in the mid 20 th century, the training of and work by Pre-Columbianists have changed substantially. Whereas the first Pre-Columbian art historians drew heavily on their knowledge of art history, other disciplines, and theory writ large, younger Pre-Columbian art historians today tend to specialize in one area and one time period, and to write primarily for fellow specialists with interests similar to their own.
Increasingly little effort is made to render Pre-Columbian art history relevant to a broader public, whether that public comprise scholars in other fields or laypersons. One of the last fields to have been fully accepted by college and university art history departments in the U. During this session, following brief presentations by the speakers and the discussant, there will be a panel conversation in which the audience may participate.
The goal will be to assess where the field might and should go in the decades to come. The roots of western misrepresentations of Indian art in the 19 th century went back to the Middle Ages. However even with extensive documentation of Indian antiquities in the colonial period, the clash of two antithetical aesthetic standards — Indian and European — remained as exemplified in art history. Even though Gombrich was essentially a historian of European art his theory of schema and correction and the formation of stereotypes proved most fecund in helping to explain European inability to come terms with ancient Indian religious art.
Abstract: Because Polish art history, that is, art history written by Polish scholars, has tended to be rather inward-looking as a whole, its first and most important school, that of Cracow, has not received the attention it deserves. Cracow modern art history originated in the s to s in the small but culturally extremely vigorous capital of Austrian Poland, as a co-operation between the newly-founded art history section at the Academy of Sciences and the Department at the Jagiellonian University. It pursued two principal, interlinked aims: the investigation of Polish art and architecture and the use of new methods that were being developed in Western and Central Europe.
What comes across most strongly is the constantly foregrounded ethos of scientific, empirical exactitude and the intense institutional togetherness. All are united in an absolute devotedness to their academic task. One of the results was the way in which recruitment has remained within the school until this day.
It has to be remembered though that other Polish centres only started teaching the history of art after WW I. Key words: Later 19 th century period; art history of Poland; empiricism; institutionalism. What is this after-ness? Or does this indicate simply that we need new directions in our discipline just to keep it alive? There is certainly a feeling around that we are in a period of transition.
Former certainties about the tendencies within the discipline of art history have melted. Quotations by Mahatma Gandhi , There is a sufficiency in the world for man's need but not for man's greed. Zitate , Stadt der hoffnung und liebe. Email or Phone Password Keep me logged in. Mahatma Gandhi In the attitude of silence the soul finds the path in a clearer light, Showing quotations 1 to 20 of 27 total. Discover Mahatma Gandhi quotes about greed. Create amazing picture quotes from Mahatma Gandhi quotations.
Mahatma Gandhi Quotes at BrainyQuote. There is a sufficiency in the world for man's need but not for man's greed. Zitate zum Thema Mensch und Alter. Purchase and enjoy instantly on your Android phone or tablet without the hassle of syncing. Add to Watch list. This listing was ended by the seller because the item is no longer available.
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