On her way home he sends her a letter wishing her a good life; moved, she realises she is in love. When she receives a second note asking her to come back because he is ill, she accepts. Pamela and Mr.
Find out when sexy billionaires Ty and Taylor Montgomery go on steamy island adventures. The story takes place in the second half of the 18th century in Turin Italy. Author: Terri L. At least for me it is. To save Darien's life his brother asks, "Can you walk in high heels? I have read and agree to the website terms and conditions.
B talk of their future as husband and wife and she agrees with everything he says. She explains why she doubted him. This is the end of her trials: she is more submissive to him and owes him everything now as a wife.
Williams is released. Neighbours come to the estate and all admire Pamela. Pamela's father comes to take her away but he is reassured when he sees Pamela happy. Finally, she marries Mr. B in the chapel. But when Mr. B has gone to see a sick man, his sister Lady Davers comes to threaten Pamela and considers her not really married. Pamela escapes by the window and goes in Colbrand's chariot to be taken away to Mr. The following day, Lady Davers enters their room without permission and insults Pamela. B, furious, wants to renounce his sister, but Pamela wants to reconcile them. B seduced in his youth, now mother of his child.
He is cross with Pamela because she dared approach him when he was in a temper. Lady Davers accepts Pamela. B explains to Pamela what he expects of his wife. They go back to Bedfordshire. Pamela rewards the good servants with money and forgives John, who betrayed her. They visit a farmhouse where they meet Mr. B's daughter and learn that her mother is now happily married in Jamaica; Pamela proposes taking the girl home with them. The neighbourhood gentry who once despised Pamela now praise her. Richardson began writing Pamela as a conduct book , but as he was writing, the series of letters turned into a story.
He then decided to write in a different genre: the new form, the novel, which attempted to instruct through entertainment. In fact, most novels from the midth century and well into the 19th, followed Richardson's lead and claimed legitimacy through the ability to teach as well as amuse. Epistolary novels —novels written as series of letters—were extremely popular during the 18th century. Fictional epistolary narratives originated in their early form in 16th-century England; however, they acquired wider renown with the publication of Richardson's Pamela.
Richardson stressed in his preface to The History of Sir Charles Grandison that the form permitted the immediacy of "writing to the moment":  that is, Pamela's thoughts were recorded nearly simultaneously with her actions. In the novel, Pamela writes two kinds of letters. At the beginning, while she decides how long to stay on at Mr. B's after his mother's death, she tells her parents about her various moral dilemmas and asks for their advice. After Mr. In Pamela , the letters are almost exclusively written by the heroine, restricting the reader's access to the other characters; we see only Pamela's perception of them.
This makes the reader to see Pamela's character development over the duration of the novel. Considered by many literary experts as the first English novel, Pamela was the best-seller of its time. It was read by countless buyers of the novel and was also read in groups. An anecdote which has been repeated in varying forms since described the novel's reception in an English village: "The blacksmith of the village had got hold of Richardson's novel of Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded , and used to read it aloud in the long summer evenings, seated on his anvil, and never failed to have a large and attentive audience At length, when the happy turn of fortune arrived, which brings the hero and heroine together, and sets them living long and happily The novel was also integrated into sermons as an exemplar.
Given the lax copyright laws at the time, many "unofficial" sequels were written and published without Richardson's consent, for example, Pamela's conduct in high life published , sometimes attributed to John Kelly ? There were also several satires, the most famous being An Apology for the Life of Mrs. Shamela Andrews by Henry Fielding , published under the pseudonym "Mr. Conny Keyber". Shamela portrays the protagonist as an amoral social climber who attempts to seduce "Squire Booby" while feigning innocence to manipulate him into marrying her.
In this version, the author works to invalidate Pamela by pointing out the incongruities between characters and the overall plot of the story. This version suggests that she was not really as virtuous as she may have seemed to be. Although not technically a satire, the Marquis de Sade 's Justine is generally perceived as a critical response to Pamela, due in part to its subtitle, "The Misfortunes of Virtue".
At least one modern critic has stated that the rash of satires can be viewed as a conservative reaction to a novel that called class, social and gender roles into question  by asserting that domestic order can be determined not only by socio-economic status but also by moral qualities of mind.
The novel was written during a time of great change. The feminist movement was beginning and the perception of women was changing from women as housebound housewives to women as intellectual and independent people. Industrialization resulted in a large increase in the middle class which changed the dynamic of class. Pamela was one of the first pieces of literature to present these changing roles and represent women as moral and intellectual people who are capable of their own thoughts and emotions and not dependent on men.
This drew the attention of many people, and is a large reason why it was received well by others and with high criticism by some. The popularity of Richardson's novel led to much public debate over its message and style. Richardson was of the artisanal class, and among England's middle and upper classes, where the novel was popular, there was some displeasure over its at times plebeian style. Apparently certain ladies of distinction took exception to the ways in which their fictional counterparts were represented.
Richardson responded to some of these criticisms by revising the novel for each new edition; he also created a "reading group" of such women to advise him. Some of the most significant changes he made were alterations to Pamela's vocabulary: in the first edition her diction is that of a labouring-class woman, but in later editions Richardson made her more linguistically middle-class by removing the working-class idioms from her speech. In this way, he made her marriage to Mr.
B less scandalous as she appeared to be more his equal in education. The greatest change was to have her his equal too in birth - by revising the story to reveal her parents as reduced gentlefolks.
In the end Richardson revised and released fourteen editions of Pamela , the last of which was published in after his death. A publication, Memoirs of Lady H, the Celebrated Pamela , claims that the inspiration for Richardson's Pamela was the marriage of a coachman's daughter, Hannah Sturges, to the baronet, Sir Arthur Hesilrige, in Samuel Richardson claimed that the story was based on a true incident related to him by a friend about 25 years before, but did not identify the principals.
Pamela has significant similarities to the famous Persian tragic romance of Khosrow and Shirin by the Persian poet Nizami Ganjavi. In both tales a rich, famous, and hedonistic man is trying to seduce the main female character of the story. Even though the female character is truly in love with the male counterpart, she resists his seductions and requests a proper marriage. At the end the male character gives in to an official marriage with the woman he loves and this love causes a gradual and positive change in the male character.
The moral of both stories is the triumph of patience, virtue and modesty over despotism and hedonism. Some believe that Richardson was one of the first male writers to take a feminist view while writing a novel. One of the ways in which feminism is shown in the text is through allowing readers to see the depths of women i. She is seen as an independent intellectual who can think for herself rather than a working housewife who depends completely on her husband.
Around Francis Hayman also produced two paintings drawing on scenes and themes from the novel for supper boxes 12 and 16 at Vauxhall Gardens. Soon afterwards, in , Joseph Highmore produced a series of twelve paintings as the basis for a set of engravings. They are a free adaptation of the novel, mainly focusing on the first book. They are now equally divided between Tate Britain , the National Gallery of Victoria and the Fitzwilliam Museum , each of which has four of the series. Its success also led to several stage adaptations in France and Italy.
In Italy, it was adapted by Chiari and Goldoni. Mademoiselle Lange's straw hat from the play launched a trend for Pamela hats and bonnets which were worn well into the second half of the nineteenth century. More recently, Bay Area author Pamela Lu's first book Pamela: A Novel evokes Richardson's title and also borrows from Richardson the conceit of single-letter names to create a very different type of "quasi- bildungsroman ," according to Publisher's Weekly.
The story takes place in the second half of the 18th century in Turin Italy. The role of Mr. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded Richardson's Pamela —1. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
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