http://eroxodycow.tk/map5.php These people would have retired in the next few years anyway and this money will remain in Dryden. The mill is actually right-sizing to remain competitive in the world, which is very good news for Dryden. As the City of Dryden Website states:. In the last three years, Dryden has seen 28 new businesses open, including a new Tim Horton's and Holiday Inn Express. More businesses have opened than have closed. Norwesto will further affect the markets in a positive way by increasing marketing and promotions and stimulating the local economies.
We will make a number of smaller contributions to various groups in the area who require funding to promote, encourage and educate local talent. We believe these contributions will be well received and will assist in encouraging local Canadian talent to pursue their goals in music and the arts. As well, it will provide a wonderful new service for the very important travellers and tourists in the area.
Doucet and the Bells. Bell, last year your group sold a couple of radio stations, signalling your desire to exit the radio business, yet here you are before us. BELL: Yes. This caused us to start looking at possible other opportunities to take advantage of his talents and interests. Doucet, you were the general manager of one of those stations prior to their being sold though. You can file them with Mr. These estimates would give your proposed station a tuning share comparable to CJRL's and CKDR's, yet your projected advertising revenues are substantially different than theirs, or inferior to theirs.
BELL: Well, it is an initial operation starting fresh. It is going to take some time to familiarize the clientele with the operation and convince them that the service is of the quality that they would be willing to be part of. So we have been fairly cautious, I would say, in our initial projections for those reasons. BELL: The majority for sure. BELL: For the news department we were anticipating having stringers in other communities, so part of that would go to the other two communities. That is to be determined at how the staff develops sort of. BELL: I do think it would be an advantage if they had services in both communities.
They would certainly look at that as an advantage and we would have to keep our prices in line to remain competitive, keep our spot prices in line with what the existing media is charging.
BELL: It possibly would be, but in previous experience we have sort of dictated our prices depending on what markets we were selling to. If somebody was only really advertising in one market, they would have different pricing than if they were capturing the entire area. That is how you can sort of ensure that you are keeping your prices in line with the markets.
BELL: Correct. So I do think there would definitely be an advantage for them. So you would give them a different reach for similar pricing? You cited a number of examples of common interest, including forestry, tourism, transportation, weather, sports and highway information. BELL: One of the things that we would be doing are these features of interest. Like we said, we would run one every hour. They are not provided right now in the area. There are some good features that we have looked into already that do discuss things like transportation, forestry, the forestry industry, agriculture.
So we are already looking for different reports that we can provide to the area. BELL: Not initially, but we would hope something might develop out of that. We are looking more at the two to four-minute feature at the bottom of the hour that serves the interest of a specific group and then continue with the rest of the format. There are many, many interesting features out there that you can latch onto or can create for yourself. Fairly short but to the point and reaching different markets, different interest groups. What would the content be and the focus?
BELL: There is a show relating directly to the fishermen in the crowd which even give them the best times for fishing each day. We find this gets a tremendous following. BELL: I would say that there might be some interview programs that would fill some of these slots with people from the area. These also would be for a variety of topics, but some of these would definitely be of a local nature, yes. You stated the service to these communities is presently missing in the area. BELL: Again, the population in this area is probably either agricultural or there are many, many tourist camps which are a little bit out of the reach of radio service presently which we were hoping we would capture and we are quite confident we will.
So it is the same type of programming, such as "The In Fisherman" would be of interest to all of the Americans at these fly-in fishing camps that presently don't have any service. What would you do for people who already live or permanently live in the area? BELL: Well, the people who live there actually live there for the same reasons that the people travelling there come.
We like the fishing and the outdoors and the cottage life. So the think the features of interest are actually features of interest to the entire population.
So we said that the regional stories, of course we assumed would be of interest to the entire region. Is that what I am to understand? You also indicated you would hire an additional part-time news person when finances permit. BELL: Again, we will have one full-time person who would be gathering the information from the various communities and, in addition, we will be paying for news tips, freelance reports, and we would have a number of stringers in the different communities to assist.
But we do think that one full-time employee with the assistance that we will be giving will be sufficient, especially considering that everybody will be working as a team and if that person called in, of course, people in the studio would be willing to assist in the newsgathering as well.
DOUCET: You can estimate this of course, three to four minutes on every hour from midnight to in the morning, in the morning, will be local-produced news. So three or four minutes every hour for six hours. Then we will combine a local package following broadcast news. Yes, that's about right. So it might set us back a bit at the beginning, but I certainly think we could all survive. BELL: I think it would affect our start-up for sure, the first few years. But I do think in the long run certainly there would be room for two stations. I'm trying to get a flavour of how this station would sound in relation to the more standard pop-oriented AC station?
How is it different? What percentage from the 90s?
What percentage from contemporary? What specific age group are you looking at? Those contours do overlap, even though they don't show there on the maps currently prepared by broadcast engineers. BELL: So that would mean that they would overlap and they would be good signals. I was going with the maps that we have, though, and what is normally done these days by Industry Canada. I just have a couple of questions. BELL: That would be quite a difficult number because StatsCanada only gives us the number of people who are within city limits as opposed to outside of city limits.
Without engineering reports I guess we can't tell, but the application from the intervenors actually does acknowledge that there are many people who are not receiving any signal at this point. LeBel by the end of today? Thank you. Chairman and Commissioners. We have taken considerable time and resources to respond to this application because we know the strengths of our markets and we know unequivocally that neither Kenora nor Dryden can sustain a second commercial radio service. However, we have an obvious commitment to Kenora, Dryden and all the communities served by Fawcett Broadcasting.
Therefore, we oppose this application for the following reasons:. The approval of Norwesto's application will have a serious economic impact on our operations in Kenora and Dryden.
The effect of siphoning local revenue from our existing stations will have an immediate negative impact throughout Fawcett Broadcasting Limited. It will alter our long-term business plan, including our strategy of continuing to provide live, local radio service. We are very proud of this service. Norwesto's business plan is unrealistic in its expectations.
Kenora and Dryden can support one, but not two commercial radio stations. If one considers that the total capacity of Ottawa's Corel Centre is 18,, the entire population of Kenora would fit into this hockey arena, with plenty of empty seats. Chairman and Commissioners, with my 33 years experience in these markets I can say without hesitation or exaggeration: Kenora cannot support another commercial radio station.
Norwesto has failed to do this in their written correspondence or in their oral presentation today. The contours of the proposed station would cover Kenora's entire central radio market and beyond. A second broadcaster will precipitate a serious negative impact on my audience, my station, and my 14 staff members. To carry on with Mr. Syrja's analogy regarding the capacity of the Corel Centre, each person in Dryden could bring a guest to the game and there would still be empty seats. Chairman and Commissioners, I would like to put forward this example to emphasize the economic situation in my town.
It just cannot happen in a community of 8, people. The bottom line is, these markets have not grown in the past 30 years. The Census reveals that this trend is continuing. That is exactly our point. They are attempting to use a "back-door" approach to the Kenora and Dryden markets. We are immensely proud of what we do and want to continue doing it in the future.
It is more important to provide a live, community-driven, local radio service instead of two automated, voice-tracked, jukeboxes. Fawcett, our President, has already committed to both the Commission and to us that he is steadfast in his determination to improve service with an FM stereo signal to Kenora and to Dryden. Chairman, overall we are looking at very small population figures. Using Norwesto's universe of 26,, we pointed out in our written intervention that no other Canadian communities within this population range are able to sustain two commercial radio stations unless they are jointly operated by a single ownership.
The Commission has our audited annual returns as evidence to verify this statement. Our PBIT is approaching dangerously low levels. Fort Frances has been successfully converted. An application to convert Kenora is now before the Commission, and Fawcett will soon submit an application to convert Dryden to the FM band. Chairman, Commissioners, Fawcett Broadcasting Limited respectfully submit that the application by Norwesto should be denied for the following reasons:. As in many other areas in Canada, there is room for one, but not two, radio stations. Our interventions have provided compelling evidence to support our position.
The Commission has our audited annual returns to verify our concerns. Walchuk's earlier comment, it is more important to provide a single, live, local radio service, rather than two automated and voice-tracked jukeboxes. We suggest that it is better to have one healthy radio station than two very sick ones. As you said at the very end of your comment this morning, you are making a very strong comment regarding the possibility of a second commercial radio service in this area. So you can understand that the point you have made is a very important one, but I would like to delve into it a little further in terms of the balance of objectives.
I would like to just state on that front that we have been kind of squabbling about hundreds here and there. It has remained static and actually it has dropped a little bit. The last Census states clearly that it is dropping. So instead of squabbling about hundreds we are just saying that it has remained static. Walchuk and Mr. Syrja to address the local economy. Not just the general economic market but the radio advertising market?
Yes, okay. Understand, the announcements of these layoffs occurred on July 15th of this year. So certainly Nortwesto's application had gone in well before these announced layoffs. I am a two-time past-president of the Chamber of Commerce and well connected locally in the business community and we knew something was coming down.
We didn't know what and how bad. The announcement of union positions and 55 staff jobs in a mill with a total employment of 1, was thunderous, absolutely thunderous. The dollar as of yesterday I think is around They are projecting it could hit So we think there are tougher and leaner times ahead yet. We already have advertisers who are down-scaling their budgets for the year. Some have said they are going to be going on a week-by-week basis now. They are no longer planning a year at a time.
Syrja, by the way, to discuss this issue of business closures. A lot of these business closures had to do with the fact that, frankly, we have a large Wal-Mart store in our town. They kill your shoe stores, they kill your sporting good stores, they beat up on your small retailers. You have all seen reports on Wal-Mart. Nortwesto responded with a list of 28, saying that we had used figures going back to We had not.
So they came up with 28 business. WALCHUK: The amount of money, as witnesses by the fact that our local newspaper has scaled back operations, as witnessed by the fact that our revenues prior to the mill closure in fact were already flat for the subsequent three years. We are trying to be optimistic, but We recently flipped Fort Frances to FM and the vast majority of our revenues have come from existing advertisers, not from new business. By and large, the motoring public carries us very clearly right through Vermilion Bay and beyond. In fact, I carry our signal virtually static-free half way to Kenora.
Normally our listener base in Vermilion Bay is very good most days throughout the year. We are routinely broadcasting for community events in the community, we do have some advertisers in the community. How is your programming difference in the two markets? We are autonomous bodies, with our own announce staff, our own news staff, our own creative people who direct us to what public service features we should put on. So other than the basics of music programming we are different. In other words, they may share news, the news directors are in constant contact with each other and those other kinds of things, but the stations basically originate their own programming and everything that they do is basically connected to the town so that they are separate entities in that way.
We carry a lot of the same community programs simply because they work in both markets. They are programs that work for us. They are rebroadcasters. We tailor our rates and our commercials according to the community involved. The difference is that our programming goes up and then we bring it back down into each of the small communities. From time to time we have even split newscasts out. If we had a particularly important story for Ear Falls that warranted three or four minutes of coverage to Ear Falls but 30 seconds in Dryden, we have that ability and we do it. I disagree wholeheartedly.
A new player in the field is going to mean they are going to divy the pie up that much further. Potentially, using Norwesto's numbers, it could cost me two, possibly three staff. We have already talked about the business closures we have had. You can look at this in a regional sense if you want, but this is a local application. They are talking about putting these repeater services into Kenora and Dryden and then hitting the streets and taking us on head-to-head on the streets of Kenora and Dryden.
Why wouldn't they? In part they provided the answer to my question. They each hear their own commercials. That is illogical. That is charging the "rate du jour". You answered it before I asked it. Actually the strategy has been set for several years. Actually, after the PN regarding hits on FM, I think it was in , we started to formulate our plans then.
So we have been at this for quite a while. We know that communities are excited about it. We did for a long time, well into the late s. We are happy to move to FM. We think it has its advantages. But we think small market radio in general, whether it is AM or FM, if you are local and you are telling people out there what they want to know, we think it is viable.
FAWCETT: Yes, because the FM transmitter, which is a larger transmitter than the one we are using now, we budgeted through and did a hydro budget for the thing compared to the 5 kilowatt AM transmitter we are using and there will be an increase in power. That is a substantial increase. We are not surprised that they would like to continue this monopoly indefinitely. We are confident that with their experience and community involvement, Fawcett will continue to be successful regardless of some healthy FM competition.
On that note, we did put businesses that were renamed to offset the businesses with the old name that were listed on their charts as closed. So that is why we did that. However, in its second intervention Fawcett's own chart accurately shows that Dryden had only a. This is not a slow but steady decline in population. It is long-term stability. This is certainly not flat. It is long-term growth. Thus, there should be no concern regarding the population. However, Kenora's market is obviously strong as Fawcett now has an application in requesting to convert to 40, watts on FM. This is further evidence they know the market is strong and there may be room for some healthy competition.
Months ago, during their first intervention, it is not in their immediate plans. In the past few months their in the future, long range potential plans have been set in motion. This is interesting, as Fawcett insists that since their intervention there have been:. These people will stay in the town of Dryden. A large focus of Fawcett's first intervention dealt with our competition for advertising dollars in Vermilion Bay. Three thousand, nine hundred dollars per year is only approximately 0.
This amount would not affect their operations at all and is hardly a point that should affect our application. This was downgraded by the second intervention to approval would "alter its long-term business plan". This could not possibly produce an implosion throughout the company. They acknowledged this in their second intervention which state:. In their own admission they show that after 63 years there is still an assumed 3. They also state their profit before income tax is 8. This is impressive, considering Fort Frances gets subsidized from Kenora revenues and approximately half a million dollars in administration is paid prior to profits being declared.
Fawcett's own application shows their sales are up. And they acknowledge there are some areas, including Sioux Narrows, where CJRL-AM signal is weak and distorted and a significant number of cottagers and residents will "be able to listen to local radio for the first time". These are among the factors that led us to make our application. It is only after we have committed to providing a better signal and a new option to the people of the area that they have presented their application.
We are not only to provide a strong quality signal but an alternative to the people of Kenora. Matiowski states:. The application states:. We have a main focus on our application to provide a consistent Trans-Canada signal from the Manitoba border to Dinorwic which is presently missing. We will focus on the highway for visitors and tourists. We will be an alternative which will provide the stated increase in the number of listeners and a greater variety. We believe the public interest would be best served with an alternate. Our strategy is to rely upon more than one community which lowers the impact on the Fawcett network.
The Fawcett network will be in no jeopardy whatsoever if there is a second, smaller regional station in the area. More likely, and especially in this case, they would increase their budgets and take advantage of a greater reach in all directions. Their application speaks little of the public good. We promise not only to provide this long overdue, better FM signal, but an alternative which would benefit the advertisers, listeners and visitors in the area. Nous reprendrons dans 15 minutes.
This success is remarkable in view of the initial odds against the industry and the complexities of the enterprise. While our current customer base and revenue are measures of our progress, our business has always been and remains a very difficult one. We must now create and seize opportunities to move satellite broadcasting forward to ensure that the Canadian broadcasting system remains attractive to Canadian viewers. Far more aggressive enforcement and government leadership are needed to stop the black market so that our investment in digital innovation is not undermined, to the detriment of Canadian broadcasting policy goals.
We need to plan for the longer term. We need to make investments now that will only provide a return years from now. It will not even be in service until Given that others have reaped great benefits from our investment, which we do not begrudge them, one would think that they would at least offer their support for a full-term licence to Star Choice. Time after time, analysts raise their concerns about Star Choice. It is only as a viable, long-term business that Star Choice can have that will bring benefits to the Canadian broadcasting system. Approximately a million of these are new distribution customers, primarily in rural and underserved areas, not customers that have converted from cable.
Providing DTH satellite service actually is rocket science. The design, construction and launch of these satellites are basically beyond our control. When challenges arise, tremendous vigilance, responsiveness and expertise on our part is needed to ensure that our business is not undermined. For example:. To make the change successful, we developed and rolled-out new receiving apparatus and ensured that all Star Choice subscribers maintained the flexibility they wanted with respect to viewing choices.
We made this conversion to two satellites with minimum disruption to customers and broadcasters. As a result, we had to make a rapid transition earlier this year from Anik E2 to a replacement satellite, Anik E2R. Again, we expect a smooth transition, but not without significant effort and cost.
Operating in this way was a very creative technical strategy that allowed Star Choice to enter the DTH business. Nevertheless, this approach has led to increased risks of interference from adjacent satellites, which are only 1. It took over two years of tense negotiations between Telesat and Satmex, assisted by a high-level diplomatic intercession by Canada, to ensure that Satmex respected earlier coordination commitments.
While Mexico finally agreed to honour its prior commitments, achieving this agreement was very difficult. We have built eight uplink centres across Canada to reduce the need to costly, cross-country backhauls. The need for service duplication on the two-satellites, so that even single-look dish owners retain wide viewing choice, also consumes expensive satellite bandwidth and uplink facilities. For Star Choice, however, it also means that transponder locations of services must be carefully managed to minimize disrupting service to small cable companies.
Changes can result in the need for additional equipment purchases by these small cable operators and costly changes to their programming guides. We have never asked customers to purchase new receivers in order to continue to receive the service. Our hardware investments are very sizable, and managing our infrastructure is extremely complex. Our DigiCipher II security system has never been hacked. On enforcement, we have helped to develop and broadcast anti-piracy advertisements, produced both by the Coalition Against Satellite Signal Theft, to which we belong, as well as those of our parent company, Shaw Communications.
Taken together, these measures represent an investment of millions of dollars in the future of our service and the broadcasting system. Star Choice and Cancom are, however, poised to begin realizing positive cash flow, on a consolidated basis, at some point in the second half of this fiscal year. Our customers demand the very best in customer service, which is our key competitive advantage over the black market.
We have over customer service representatives. Twenty-four hours a day we handle our customers' programming inquiries about the channels we offer and any technical service issues they face. For example, our obligations to Anik F2 began in May , although the satellite will not come into service until August , over four years later. Star Choice is sold throughout Canada in over 3, retail locations, with national and independent retail partners, and also through our direct channels.
Literally hundreds of millions of dollars have been spent on these activities. A significant contributing factor has been the flexible regulatory framework for DTH. The Commission introduced that framework to ensure dynamic competition and to derive from DTH's addressable, digital technology, the maximum contribution to the system. A subscriber in a community like Kenora, Ontario has over 40 separate programming packages to pick from. If she selects a bilingual "Essentials" package, she will receive 45 local broadcast signals, 13 of which are French-language services.
Navigating all of these choices is made easy with a user-friendly interactive programming guide, which can sort and colour-highlight individual programs by genre and which can also be programmed by viewers to identify "favourite" channels. Our marketing of theme bundles and the fact that our subscribers use an interactive program guide which exhibits the names of all services on our system, means that licensed Canadian specialty and pay services get more exposure. As a result, a key hurdle to marketing such services via analog cable does not exist for DTH. Canadian DTH viewers are aware of the choices they have, but do not feel corralled into paying for what they do not want.
This is critical in an environment where viewers are aware of non-Canadian, black market alternatives that are sometimes perceived to provide more choice than licensed Canadian services. Those same large broadcasters, as well as small, unaffiliated broadcasters, will also benefit from the measures to which we have committed ourselves pursuant to the recent local signal carriage proceeding. SHAW: All of these successes, while significant, are just first steps.
We have a long way to go. We have been around for only seven years, compared to cable's Our ability to become a major partner in the system will also be strengthened by the certainty of a full-term, seven-year licence renewal and a cautious approach to licensing requirements. That is the role we want to continue to play going forward and respectfully request that we be issued a seven-year licence renewal.
Chairman, and good morning Mr. It is a good thing that you actually put them on the table for us because our role is usually to look at the things that we don't understand or may not be working as well as we would like. So congratulates on the success. I will refer to those deficiency answers as the first one, the second one, the third one, because this has been an extended process from the first time that you filed your application for renewal, which was, I think, way back in November So we have had a number of clarification questions to you.
The Commission proposes to deal with this issue when it considers the licence renewal of satellite service providers and will take into account their efforts in this regard. I know that the CBC has complained about the lack of discussion, but I would point out only in that sense that many of the things we plan to do are with respect to the availability of F2. We would do that across the country. It simply means pressing a button to do that on your set. I think we are making some progress. There are really two differences between us that are pretty fundamental. Has that been discussed with the CBC?
We didn't really get to the point of laying out in detail the alternatives.
STEIN: Yes, we are referring to two that have uplinked recently and others that are on the list that came out of the local signal decision that we have committed to list. Then if you add two, you would get beyond 40 or around And two out of 13 in French Canada is 15 per cent. I am now drawing a comparison between the CBC and SRC because part of the Commission's concern of course is not enough French language ones are uplinked, especially in other regions of Canada.
And I believe there is one private affiliate, which makes it nine. One has to take into account on the English language side we are probably closer to achieving that. I think that on the French language side for Radio-Canada one has to take account of the kind of programming that is available. Is that how it would work? That is one issue. The CBC made it very clear that they felt that the Standing Committee report and the government's response would form the basis of what they would see was necessary, and we disagreed with that.
STEIN: We did indicate to the CBC that in terms of moving to parity, we would be willing to launch a new French language service quite soon, that we would also look at other alternatives with respect to F2. Barring that, we felt moving up the scale from two was obviously what we wanted to do, but we were just faced with the existing services that were there.
We would have to take them off. Of course, intervenors have all kinds of mathematical calculations as to how that can be done, not surprisingly, and you also have answers as to why it should not. I don't think we have dealt with it in terms of definitive timelines or plans. What we have talked about is the fact that we are willing to sit down with the CBC and to talk about this issue and to try to work out alternatives. It is renewal time, and we are on the record in the Notice of Public Hearing that we are going to deal with it and hopefully settle this. Presumably our job would be to eventually say this is reasonable in the circumstances and that is what you are going to do in these timelines regardless of the other party.
That is the lovely job we have. We won't see you for seven years. Shaw of course says he wants a seven-year renewal, which makes good sense. What we have been involved in over the past year is an attempt to try to sort out our obligations from a number of different vantage points.
Stein, many times the Commission says this date or that date, the first to occur or the last to occur. You can say if Anik F2 takes another six months, maybe we would accept your interim solution as an attempt to respond to this concern and to be more equitable as the different groups. You could ask to have the report filed as to when the satellite has been in place commercially for 30 days; that you would like to know the report from both parties and to have that filed with the Commission and put pressure on both.
Shaw, you are not criticizing us for saying that we would deal with that at renewal. I said that you have lots of ways to deal with it other than just at renewal. We have had correspondence going back and forth in terms of doing that. The legislative assemblies we carry pay us for the uplink charges, and the Quebec National Assembly has felt that they should not pay for the uplink facilities.
So conditions of licence can vary this. That would be the money remitted. As long as you did in accordance with that agreement, the Commission would suspend the application of your conditions of licence 4 b and c. Did the suspension end and therefore your conditions of licence kicked in? We believe that there was effectively an ongoing suspension while negotiations were under way. At a certain point last autumn deletion requests were made by CAB members. Lili Chartrand, Marie-Pierre Oddoux, Jean-Claude Bartoll, Ce chiffre a ensuite Tapis rouge des Monuments nationaux pour un blogueur chinois.
Une visite sur mesure pour un blogueur venu de Chine Rouge [online]. French words that begin with r. French words that begin with ro. French words that begin with rou. Load a random word. Mao and the Workers. Mao and the World. Mao and Liu Shaoqi, — Mao and the Anti-Japanese United Front.
Mao and the Wartime Base-Area Economy. Exercising Power. International Issues. Political Theory. Political Style. Sketches and Recollections. Chinese Assessments. Capitalisme et Capitalistes en Chine. Perrin, , p. Notes, importante bibliographie, index. L'Express, , p. Bleu de Chine, , 80 p. Depuis juillet , date d'attribution des J. Manuscrit, , p. Rocher, , p. Pickowicz eds. Cambridge, MA, , notes, index, p. Instead of dwelling on elite politics and policy-making processes, this book seeks to understand how the period was experienced by various groups, including industrialists, filmmakers, ethnic minorities, educators, rural midwifes, philanthropists, stand-up comics, and scientists.
A stellar group of authors that includes Frederic Wakeman, Elizabeth Perry, Sherman Cochran, Perry Link, Joseph Esherick, and Chen Jian shows that the Communists sometimes achieved a remarkably smooth takeover, yet at other times appeared shockingly incompetent. Shanghai and Beijing experienced it in ways that differed dramatically from Xinjiang, Tibet, and Dalian. This book begins with an overview of the history of financial-sector development, regulation, and performance and then focuses on the banking sector, discussing the progress, challenges, and prospects of current sector reform.
Subsequent chapters describe the role of foreign capital in China's development and analyze the changes in capital flows and controls over time; explore various explanations for China's composition of foreign-capital and foreign-exchange policies, particularly the factors shaping China's reliance on foreign direct investment; and provide an international, comparative perspective on the remarkable growth experience of China and the contribution of its institutional environment to that experience.
A Concise History of Hong Kong. Lanham, , p. John Carroll's engrossing and accessible narrative explores the remarkable history of Hong Kong from the early s through the post handover, when this former colony became a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. The book explores Hong Kong as a place with a unique identity, yet also a crossroads where Chinese history, British colonial history, and world history intersect. Carroll concludes by exploring the legacies of colonial rule, the consequences of Hong Kong's reintegration with China, and significant developments and challenges since Mol eds.
Environmental Governance in China. At the same time it analyzes, illustrates and argues that major steps are under way in taking up these challenges. L'Harmattan, , p. Payot, , p. Traduit du chinois par Luo Shenyi. This book offers a timely and comprehensive analysis of the resulting debates, drawing on expertise from China, Japan, South Korea and the United States.
The introduction reviews the issues at stake, sketches a variety of proposed exchange rate regimes and discusses comparisons between East Asia and the West. Subsequent chapters examine the connection between global financial imbalances and East Asian monetary cooperation, China's potential role in regional coordination, the relationship between monetary and trade integration, and different paths toward regional cooperation. La Chine veut la Lune. A2C Medias, Paris, , p.
This book reconstructs civic education and citizenship training in secondary schools in the lower Yangzi region during the Republican era. It also analyzes how students used the tools of civic education introduced in their schools to make themselves into young citizens and explores the complex social and political effects of educated youths' civic action. In this provocative analysis of screen industries in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Singapore, Michael Curtin delineates the globalizing pressures and opportunities that since the s have dramatically transformed the terrain of Chinese film and television, including the end of the cold war, the rise of the World Trade Organization, the escalation of democracy movements, and the emergence of an East Asian youth culture.
Reaching beyond national frameworks, Curtin examines the prospect of a global Chinese audience that will include more viewers than in the United States and Europe combined. He draws on in-depth interviews with a diverse array of media executives plus a wealth of historical material to argue that this vast and increasingly wealthy market is likely to shake the very foundations of Hollywood's century-long hegemony. Sedes, coll. Impulsion, , p. Perrin, Coll.
Asies, , p. The multidisciplinary team of international contributors analyze four key case studies of cities along the Pearl River Delta examining their administrative characteristics, economic growth and their relationship with cultural identity and human relationships.
This books presents the evolution of the central Chinese metropolis between and the end of the 21st century, from the perspective of both its urban and architectural forms, which are replaced within their geographical and historical contexts. In the middle of the book is an album of 43 plates with maps and ground plans that provides spatial and multi-level points of reference, especially for the evolution of the contemporary urban form. Contributions by Chinese, French and Norvegian authors working within a cooperative framework that associates three educational and research institutions.
This book provides a more in-depth analysis of State-Owned Enterprises SOEs by assessing the transformation process of eleven specific industries, with reference to the state of competition, the influence of WTO membership and the challenges these industries face in the future. Importantly, the authors also provide a personal perspective alongside the industry analysis with eleven case studies of firms actually undergoing this restructuring process, including interviews with crucial agents of reform such as Chief Executive Officers and Genaral Managers.
The provision of both a macro and business perspective of SOEs reforms provides the reader with a complete and accurate insight into the economic, social and business reality of China today. Armonk, , index, tables, p. This study reflects the significant changes taking place in Chinese society and their impact on the civil-military dynamic, with particular attention to how the military will fit in with the new class of entrepreneurs. Rather than focusing exclusively on elite Party-Army relations, the book examines civil-military relations from various vantage points: at the center and in the provinces; between civilian leaders and military leaders; from a strictly military perspective and from a civilian perspective; and from the angle of specific issue areas.
Chapters explore issues such as the impact of AIDS, the defense budget, the emerging dynamic between the military and China's new leadership, resettling demobilized troops back into civilian life, and the role of the militia, reserve units, and other civilian groups. Changing Clothes in China. In so doing, the author has argued persuasively that fashion is not the prerogative of the modern, capitalist West; although the Chinese fashion system shares certain characteristics with the Western one, it is more a product of the unique semi colonial political situation in nineteenth- and twentieth-century China.
As such it departs not only from the Western model, but from fashion in other colonial worlds such as India. The author has illuminated the historical and cultural specificities of the fashion system in China from multiple angles: fabric, tailoring, technology of production, consumer choices, dynamics of stylistic changes, institutions of fashion magazines, advertising, modeling, and designer-training , and symbolic meanings.
Her research method is based on subtle inter-textual readings between visual evidence paintings, posters, and magazine illustrations , texts, and artifacts albeit often by way of their visual representations. Revolution, Resistance, and Reform in Village China. New Haven, , p. Princeton, , p. Boulder, , p. Using classified documents spirited out of China, Gao Wenqian offers an objective human portrait of the real Zhou, a man who lived his life at the heart of Chinese politics for fifty years, who survived both the Long March and the Cultural Revolution not thanks to ideological or personal purity, but because he was artful, crafty, and politically supple.
L'Harmattan, , 97 p. Perspectives sur la justice, , p. Avant-propos de Jean du Bois de Gaudusson. Washington, D. This trend favors U. In exploring these dynamics, Rising Star focuses on Chinese policy in three areas—regional security mechanisms, nonproliferation and arms control, and questions of sovereignty and intervention.
Cambridge, MA, , 18 tables, p. Perry eds. This volume explores a range of grassroots efforts--initiated by the state and society alike--intended to restrain arbitrary and corrupt official behavior and enhance the accountability of local authorities. Topics include village and township elections, fiscal reforms, legal aid, media supervision, informal associations, and popular protests.
While the authors offer varying assessments of the larger significance of these developments, their case studies point to a more dynamic Chinese political system than is often acknowledged. Albin Michel, Coll. Latitudes, , p. Belin, Coll. Memento, , p. Education and Reform in China. Armonk, , page four-color photo insert, index, bibliography, p. Richard B. Harris incorporates perspectives ranging from biology through Chinese history and tradition, to interpret wildlife conservation issues in a cultural context.
In non-technical language Harris shows that, particularly in its vast western sections where most species of wildlife still have a chance to survive, China has adopted a strongly preservationist, hands-off approach to wildlife without confronting the larger and more difficult problem of habitat loss. This policy treats wildlife conservation as a strictly technical problem--and thus prioritizes captive breeding to meet the demand for animal products--while ignoring the manifold cultural, social, and economic dimensions that truly dictate how wild animals will fare in their interaction with the physical and human environments.
The author concludes that any successes this policy achieves will be temporary. Ann Arbor, , p. This dissertation examines the shifting contemporary politics of nature in Southwest China's Yunnan Province. This dissertation analyzes the larger social field of these politics, including relationships among local residents of protected areas, global conservation non-governmental organizations NGOs , Chinese officials and Chinese experts. An authourized facsimile of a doctoral dissertation submitted to the University of Michigan. Seattle, Studies on Ethnic Groups in China, , 14 illus. In Doing Business in Rural China , Thomas Heberer tells the stories of individual entrepreneurs and presents a wealth of economic data gleaned from extensive fieldwork in Liangshan.
He documents and analyzes the phenomenal growth during the last two decades of Nuosu-run businesses, comparing these with Han-run businesses and asking how ethnicity affects the new market-oriented economic structure and how economics in turn affects Nuosu culture and society. He finds that Nuosu entrepreneurs have effected significant change in local economic structures and social institutions and have financed major social and economic development projects. Nielsen eds. Cambridge and London, , index, p. Clearing the Air is an innovative, quantitative examination of the national damage caused by China's degraded air quality, conducted in a pathbreaking, interdisciplinary U.
Its damage estimates are allocated by sector, making it possible for the first time to judge whether, for instance, power generation, transportation, or an unexpected source such as cement production causes the greatest environmental harm. An Alliance between State and Society? Caged by Boundaries? Ellipses, , p. Informal Institutions and Rural Development in China. Focusing in particular on three major informal institutions: village trust and Rotating Savings and Credit Associations ROSCAs , guanx i community and Integrating Village with Company IVWC governance, the author argues that informal institutions, traditions and customs are all critical factors for facilitating modernization and social and economic development, promoting the integration of trust, reciprocity, responsibility and obligation into economic and social exchange processes and considerably lowering risks and transactions costs.
Basingstoke, , p. The Chinese government has an ambitious plan to make China a world leader in science and technology by Chinese companies are to become less reliant on foreign technology. Contents : Forward; A. Bai, C. Inseparable Separation. This volume presents a systematic, in-depth study of the evolution of China's Taiwan policy. China has come to prioritize regional stability, prosperity, and strategic international interests over its cross-strait problems.
As a result, while insisting on the domestic nature of the Taiwan issue, Chinese leadership has adopted a pro-status-quo approach toward Taiwan, promoting "peace, stability, and development" rather than striving for "peaceful reunification. The authors argue, however, that in order to stabilize the potentially explosive Taiwan situation, Beijing and Washington must transform this ad hoc pattern of crisis management into a more goal-oriented, strategic management of the status quo.
Cambridge, MA, , 8 tables, p. One part riveting account of fieldwork and one part rigorous academic study, Brand New China offers a detailed and up-to-date portrayal of branding and advertising in contemporary China. She also examines the impact of new media practices on Chinese advertising, deliberates on the convergence of grassroots creative culture and viral marketing strategies, samples successful advertising campaigns, provides practical insights about Chinese consumer segments, and offers methodological reflections on pop culture and advertising research.
This book unveils a "brand new" China that is under the sway of the ideology of global partnership while struggling not to become a mirror image of the United States. Wang takes on the task of showing where Western thinking works in China, where it does not, and, perhaps most important, where it creates opportunities for cross-fertilization. David Kang believes certain preferences and beliefs are responsible for maintaining stability in East Asia.
Kang's research shows how East Asian states have grown closer to China, with little evidence that the region is rupturing. Rising powers present opportunities as well as threats, and the economic benefits and military threat China poses for its regional neighbors are both potentially huge; however, East Asian states see substantially more advantage than danger in China's rise, making the region more stable, not less.
Furthermore, although East Asian states do not unequivocally welcome China in all areas, they are willing to defer judgment regarding what China wants and what its role in East Asia will become. They believe that a strong China stabilizes East Asia, while a weak China tempts other states to try to control the region. Since the s China has endeavoured to catch-up with advanced Western economies.
But a focus on manufacturing and productivity is impeding innovation. In the cultural sector Chinese audiences are attracted to Korean, Taiwanese, and Japanese culture, as well as Hollywood cinema. Normalization of U. New York, , index, bibliography, p. Rethinking Mao offers an innovative perspective on the thought of Mao Zedong, the major architect of the Chinese Revolution and leader of the People's Republic of China until his death in Utilizing a number of recently discovered documents written by Mao, Nick Knight "rethinks" Mao by subjecting a number of controversial themes to fresh scrutiny.
This book provides a sophisticated analysis of Mao's views on the role of the peasants and working class in the Chinese revolution, his theoretical attempt to make Marxism appropriate to Chinese conditions, and his understanding of the Chinese road to socialism. Knight includes a discussion of the theoretical difficulties in interpreting Mao's thought.
Rethinking Mao represents a challenge to many of the conventional accounts of Mao and his thoughts. Bern, , p. Hong Kong U. This book presents a comprehensive and systematic analysis of the main strands of continuity and change during the period. It looks first at the core institutions of the SAR, focusing on the executive, legislature, judiciary, civil service, District Councils, and advisory and statutory bodies. It then turns to supporting structures in the wider society, paying particular attention to political parties and elections, civil society and NGOs, and mass media and public opinion.
Analyses of key policy sectors follow, notably economic policy, social policy and urban policy. To finish, the book examines Hong Kong's relations with the Mainland and the wider world. China's Republic. Diana Lary traces the history of the Republic from its beginnings in , through the Nanjing decade, the warlord era, and the civil war with the Peoples' Liberation Army which ended in defeat in Thereafter, in an unusual excursion from traditional histories of the period, she considers how the Republic survived on in Taiwan, comparing its ongoing prosperity with the economic and social decline of the Communist mainland in the Mao years.
This introductory textbook for students and general readers is enhanced with biographies of key protagonists, Chinese proverbs, love stories, poetry and a feast of illustrations. The Chinese State at the Borders. Vancouver, , bibliography, index, p. Berkeley, , p. In , a Chinese woman by the name of Shi Jianqiao murdered the notorious warlord Sun Chuanfang as he prayed in a Buddhist temple. This riveting work of history examines this well-publicized crime and the highly sensationalized trial of the killer.
Lean traces the rise of a new sentiment —"public sympathy" — in early twentieth-century China, a sentiment that ultimately served to exonerate the assassin. The book sheds new light on the political significance of emotions, the powerful influence of sensational media, modern law in China, and the gendered nature of modernity.
Based on fieldwork and extensive interviews in Chinese textile, apparel, machinery, and household appliance factories, Against the Law finds a rising tide of labor unrest mostly hidden from the world's attention. Providing a broad political and economic analysis of this labor struggle together with fine-grained ethnographic detail, the book portrays the Chinese working class as workers' stories unfold in bankrupt state factories and global sweatshops, in crowded dormitories and remote villages, at street protests as well as in quiet disenchantment with the corrupt officialdom and the fledgling legal system.
Traduit de l'anglais par Charles Le Blanc. Basingstoke, Forthcoming , p. Leibold traces the political and cultural strategies employed by Han Chinese elites in the process of incorporating, both discursively and physically, the diverse inhabitants of the last Qing dynasty into a new, homogenous national com- munity. A History of the Modern Chinese Army Lexington, , index, bibliography, 14 maps, 30 photos, p. In this book, Li Xiaobing, a former member of the People's Liberation Army, provides a comprehensive examination of the PLA from the Cold War up to now that highlights the military's central function in modern Chinese society.
Grounding the text in previously unreleased official Chinese government and military records as well as the personal testimonies of more than two hundred PLA soldiers, Li charts the development of China's armed forces against the backdrop of Chinese society, cultural traditions, political history, and recent technological advancements. Drawing on a wealth of secondary theoretical material as well as her own original research, Sylvia Li-chun Lin conducts a close analysis of the political, narrative, and ideological structures involved in the fictional and cinematic representations of the 28th of February Incident and White Terror.
She assesses the role of individual and collective memory and institutionalized forgetting, while underscoring the dangers of re-creating a historical past and the risks of trivialization. She also compares her findings with scholarly works on the Holocaust and the aftermath of the atomic bombings of Japan, questioning the politics of forming public and personal memories and the political teleology of "closure.
Private Enterprises and China's Economic Development. Private enterprises have contributed significantly to China's recent economic growth and will play a key role in achieving China's goal of building a comprehensively well-society. But how can private enterprises help China mitigate its macroeconomic problems such as unemployment, income inequality, financial disintermediation, and an unhealthy economic cycle? And what are the main obstacles to private enterprise development?
This book answers these questions by identifying the range of cultural, political and financial challenges confronting China's private enterprises, and assessing their performance and potential. Contributors also analyse the experiences and lessons of other countries, and propose strategies and policies to help China promote private enterprise development.
Berkeley, , notes, bibliography, index, p. This book explores the religious renaissance, largely ignored in the West, that has reformed, revitalized, and renewed these practices of Buddhism and Daoism in Taiwan. Democracy's Dharma connects these noteworthy developments to Taiwan's transition to democracy and the burgeoning needs of its new middle classes.
In appealing and accessible prose, Richard Madsen offers fresh thinking on Asian religions and shows that the public religious revival was not only encouraged by the early phases of the democratic transition but has helped to make that transition successful and sustainable. Cambridge, Polity Political Profiles S. Les Indes savantes, , p. Ithaca, , p. Conservative Thought in Contemporary China. New York, , bibliography, index, p. This book examines the evolution of conservative politics in China, which has become increasingly present following the death of Mao Zedong in Peter Moody traces the roots of conservatism through the imperial system, the Republican period, and the pre-Cultural Revolution People's Republic, all of which influence contemporary Chinese politics.
The most direct programmatic form of conservativism has been neo-conservativism politics, which formed during the Jiang Zemin regime and persists to the present age in a diluted version. This book demonstrates that conservative thought is a consequence of relatively broad cultural and economic liberty, China's resentment of American arrogance, and a fear of the social turmoil generated as a by-product of liberal economic reforms.
Moody critically analyzes the influence of antipolitics and traditional values on the current ideology of Chinese politicians and citizens. This book is a social history of the qigong craze which swept urban socialist China in the post-Mao era, leading to the emergence of Falun Gong and its subsequent repression. How could a system of body, breath and mental training exercises, initially promoted by senior Communist Party leaders as a uniquely Chinese healing tradition and as the harbinger of a future scientific revolution, become an outlet for a mass expression of religiosity which was then ruthlessly crushed by the Chinese state?
Tracing the complex relations between the masters, officials, scientists, practitioners, and ideologues involved with the qigong movement, the book combines historical, anthropological, and sociological approaches to describe a critical phase in the reinvention of Chinese tradition in its encounter with modernity and the state.
This thoroughly researched study provides an invaluable account of Hong Kong's political evolution from its founding as a British colony to the present. Bringing a balanced view to her often contentious subject, the author places Hong Kong's current partisan debates between democrats and their opponents within the context of China's ongoing search for a viable political form.
The book considers Beijing's increasing intervention in local affairs and focuses on the challenge for Hong Kong's democratic reformers in an environment where ultimate political power resides with the communist-led mainland government and its appointees. Cambridge, MA, , p. Stephen Platt offers the first comprehensive study of why Hunan province gave rise to so many reformers, military officers, and revolutionaries. Covering a span of eight decades, this book portrays three generations of Hunanese scholar-activists who held their provincial loyalties above their allegiances to a questionable Chinese empire.
The renaissance of Hunan centered around the revival of Wang Fuzhi, a local hermit scholar from the seventeenth century whose iconoclastic writings were deemed a remarkable match for "Western" ideas of progress, humanism, and nationalism. Advocates of reform and revolution thus framed their projects as the continuance of a local tradition--the natural destiny of the Hunanese people--creating a tradition of reform and nationalism that culminated in the s with a Hunanese independence movement led by the young Mao Zedong.
Going to School in East Asia. Westport, , p. Education in east Asia varies widely, due to the cultural and political histories of each country. The communist governments of China, North Korea, and Vietnam mandate schooling differently from the limited democracy of Hong Kong and the parliamentary government of Japan. The history of the educational philosophies, systems, and curricula of seventeen East Asian countries are described here, with a timeline highlighting educational developments, and a special "day in the life" feature, a personal account of what it is like for a student to attend school in that country.
Champaign, , 31 photog. Some two thousand women participated in the Long March, but their experience of this seminal event in the history of Communist China is rarely represented. In Choosing Revolution , Helen Praeger Young presents the oral histories of twenty-two women veterans of the Red Army's legendary six-thousand-mile "retreat to victory" before the advancing Nationalist Army. In addition to their riveting stories of the march itself, Young's subjects reveal much about what it meant to grow up female and, in many cases, poor in China during the first decades of the twentieth century.
Denoel, , p. Since , China has devoted considerable resources to information and communications technology ICT development. The approaching year mark provides an excellent opportunity to update the policy to reflect the evolving needs of China's economy. These needs include the challenges posed by industrialization, urbanization, upgraded consumption, and social mobility.
Developing a more effective ICT strategy will help China to achieve its economic and social goals. Addressing all the critical factors is complex and requires long-term commitment. This book highlights several key issues that need to be addressed decisively in the second half of this decade, through policies entailing institutional reform, to trigger broader changes. Drawing on background papers by Chinese researchers, the study provides a variety of domestic perspectives and local case studies and combines these perspectives with international experiences on how similar issues may have been addressed in other countries.
The Future of Chinese Capitalism. Oxford, , p. Building on recent conceptual and empirical advances, and rich in concrete examples, this book offers a comprehensive and systematic exploration of present-day Chinese capitalism, its component parts, and their interdependencies. It suggests that Chinese capitalism, as practiced today, in many respects represents a development from traditional business practices, whose revival has been greatly aided by the influx of investments and managerial talent from the Regional Ethnic Chinese. On the basis of present trends in the Chinese economy as well as through comparison with four major types of capitalism -those of Germany, Japan, Korea, and the United States- the book derives a prediction of the probable development paths of Chinese capitalism and its likely competitive strengths and weaknesses.
La protection juridique des inventions dans les relations commerciales entre la France et la Chine. Princeton, , 18 tables, p. Although China's economy has grown spectacularly over the last twenty-five years, economists disagree about how the Chinese economy is likely to fare in the short- and long-term future. Is China's growth sustainable, or has China relied too much on investment, which is subject to diminishing returns, and not enough on technological change? The first book on the relation between investment, finance, and growth in China, How China Grows dismisses this concern.
James Riedel, Jing Jin, and Jian Gao argue that investment has not only been the engine of growth, but also the main source of technological progress and structural change in China. What threatens future growth instead, the authors argue, are the weaknesses of China's financial system that undermine efficiency in investment allocation.
Financial-sector reform and development are necessary, not only for sustaining long-term growth, but also for maintaining macroeconomic stability. Durham, , p. Drawing on her research over the past two decades among urban residents and rural migrants in Hangzhou and Beijing, Lisa Rofel analyzes the meanings that individuals attach to various public cultural phenomena and what their interpretations say about their understandings of post-socialist China and their roles within it.
She locates the first broad-based public debate about post-Mao social changes in the passionate dialogues about the popular television soap opera Yearnings. Armonk, , illust. This new edition expands the coverage from where the first edition ended in to It includes new material on democratization, party politics, and the independence movement. Collectively, the chapters take the reader from the geographical and climatological setting, through the stages of premodern history and contact with China and the West, through the Japanese occupation, to the successful establishment of a modern state.
Faut-il avoir peur des usines chinoises? L'Harmattan, Collection Questions contemporaines, , p. Armonk, , maps, tables, index, p. The eminent contributors to this volume offer a four-part analysis of the region's new importance in world affairs. Rajan Menon examines the place of Central Asia in a global perspective. Dmitri Trenin looks at the region from the standpoint of traditional hegemon Russia. Huasheng Zhao provides the view from economic superpower-in-the-making China.
Piscataway, , p. The book presents successive periods in modern Chinese history, with each chapter divided into three parts. Rummel first relates the history of the period within which the nature and the amount of killings are presented. He then provides a detailed statistical table giving the basic estimates with their sources and qualifications. The final part offers an appendix that explains and elaborates the statistical computations and estimates. For the first time in one place, hundreds of published estimates of Chinese genocide and mass murder are listed with sources, analyzed, and their historical context presented.
Autrement, , 79 p. Cartographie de Madeleine Benoit-Guyot. The key challenges facing China in the next two decades derive from the ongoing process of urbanization. How China copes with such a large migration flow will strongly influence rural-urban ine- quality, the pace at which urban centers expand their eco- nomic performance, and the urban environment. Contents : Part 1: 1. What kind of superpower will China become, cooperative or aggressive?
In this book, Susan Shirk, a former U. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State responsible for China, opens up the black box of Chinese domestic politics and reveals a fragile communist regime struggling to survive in a society turned upside down by economic growth and open markets. She argues that the West's greatest danger is not China's economic or military strength but its internal fragility. She makes the case that it is usually rising powers that provoke wars, and unless Western states understand the fears that motivate Chinese leaders, they are likely to misread and mishandle China - and find themselves in an avoidable international conflict.
Paying for Progress in China is a collection of essays which trace the causes of these growing inequalities, using new data including surveys, interviews, newly available official statistics and in-depth fieldwork. Te Ite, , p. Ernest Sin Chan. Textes traduits du chinois par Marc Raimbourg sous la direction de Marie Holzman. The History of the People's Republic of China, Cambridge, China Quarterly Special Issues, , p.
Introduction to legal system on foreign trade and investment ; about contract law on foreign business ; about investment law on foreign business ; about intellectual property right law related to trade ; about regulations on foreign exchange control ; trial system on cases with foreign elements. This study considers the institutional evolution and progress of village elections in China. This book studies the creation and evolution of democratic institution of village election.
It examines the causes of village election, the making of state and provincial election legislation, state implementation and improvement of village election rules and procedures, and the role of domestic and foreign players in influencing electoral institutionalization of village self-governance, and it assesses the impact of village election on Chinese political development. It argues for the institutional buildup of democratic infrastructures to ensure what could eventually be the beginning of a more extensive move towards democracy. Armonk, , bibliography, index, p.
This book launches an ambitious reexamination of the elite politics behind one of the most remarkable transformations in the late twentieth century.